Japanese for the Dojo

A fun way to learn basic Japanese for Karate is to speak it when at the Dojo.  Below are some useful terms commonly used during training.

Numbers & Counting
 Sounds Like  Translation
 rei  ray  zero
 ichi  eech  one
 ni  nee  two
 san  san  three
 shi (yon)  she  four
 go  go  five
 roku  roke  six
 shichi (nana)  seech  seven
 hachi  hach  eight
 ku  koo  nine
 ju  joo  ten
 ju ichi  joo eech  eleven
 ju ni  joo nee  twelve
 ju san  joo san  thirteen
 ju shi  joo she  fourteen
 ju go  joo go  fifteen
 ju roku  joo roke  sixteen
 ju shichi  joo seech  seventeen
 ju hachi  joo hach  eighteen
 ju ku  joo koo  nineteen
 ni ju  nee joo  twenty
 san ju  san joo  thirty
 shi ju  she joo  forty
 go ju  go joo  fifty
Common phrases
arigato gozaimasu  ah-ree-gah-toh goh-zai-mas  thank you very much
 do itashimas’te  doh-ee-tash-ee ma-she-tay  you’re welcome
 hajime  hah-jee-may  begin
 kawate  kah-wah-tay  on guard
 kime  ke-mee  focusing technique
 kiotsuke  kee-oh-skay  stand up straight!
 konbon wa  cone-bon wah  good evening
 konnichi wa  cone-ichi-ee wah  good afternoon
 koshi o ireru  ko-she o ee-re-roo  “putting in the hip”
 matte  mah-tay  wait
 mawatte  mah-wah-tay  turn around
 mokuso  moh-koo-soh  quiet meditation
 onegai shimasu  oh-neh-guy she-mas  please (teach me)
 otagai ni  oh-tah-gah-ee nee  toward each other
 otagai ni rei  oh-tah-gah-ee nee ray  bow to each other
 otagai ni taishi  oh-tah-gah-ee nee ta(i)-sh(e)  face each other
 rei  ray  bow with respect
 sensei ni rei  sen-say nee ray  bow to the teacher
 sensei ni taishi  sen-say nee ta(i)-sh(e)  face the teacher
 shomen ni rei  shoh-men nee ray  bow to the front
 shomen ni taishi  shoh-men nee ta(i)-sh(e)  face the front
 shugo  shoo-go  line up, gather together
 wakarimasen  wah-car-ee-mah-sin  I do not understand
 wakarimasu  wah-car-ee-mas  I understand
 wakarimasu ka ?  wah-car-ee-mas kah  do you understand ?
 yame  yah-may  stop
 yoi  yoy  ready, attention
Other useful phrases
atemi  ah-teh-me  strike (often to distract)
 barai  bah-rye  sweep
 bunkai  boon-keye  application of kata techniques
 bushido  boo-she-doh  the way of the warrior
 dai ichi  die-eech  The first
 deshi  deh-she  student, pupil
 dojo  doe-joe  place to learn the way
 dogi (gi)  doe-ghee  (ghee)  karate uniforn
 hai  hi  yes
 hidari  hee-dah-ree  left
 hojo undo  hoe-joe oon-doe  supplementary exercises
 ido  ee-doe  moving, with movement
 iya  ee-yay  no
 jiyu kumite  jee-yu koo-meh-tay  freestyle sparring
 junbi undo  joon-bee oon-doe  warmup exercises
 karateka  kah-rah-tay-kah  karate student
 kiai  key-eye  spirit yell
 kihon  key-hon  basics
 kiso tanren  key-soh tan-ren  foundation drill conditioning
 kokyu ho  koh-kyu how  breathing methods
 kotekitae  koh-teh-key-tay  arm pounding
 kumite  koo-meh-tay  sparring
 obi  oh-bee  belt
 makiwara  mah-kee-wah-rah  striking board
 migi  mee-gee  right
 seiza  say-za  formal sitting on knees
 shiai  she-eye  sparring match
 sonoba  soh-no-bah  in place, not moving
 waza  wah-zah  technique
 yakusoku kumite  yah-k(oo)-soh-koo koo-meh-tay  pre-arranged sparring

 

 

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